Dr Billy Milligan BEng(Hons) MSc PhD CEng MInstMC MIET
Title: Compressors and Industrial Digitisation
How does a company that has been around since the first industrial revolution cope with the fourth industrial revolution? Fourth industrial revolution, Industry 4.0, big data or industrial digitisation: call it what you will, some thought it was a passing trend but it is clearly here to stay. This keynote first discusses what benefits this new era and its associated technologies are currently bringing to compressor designers, compressor manufacturers and their end-users in terms of both performance optimisation and health monitoring. It then progresses into the major factors for consideration when deploying a system that connects to remote air and gas handling assets and finally, a proposal on how this technology is going to advance in the near future is then put forward.
About the author
Dr Milligan is Solutions Development Lead at Howden and is an experienced controls and instrumentation design engineer having worked on the design, installation and testing of instrumentation and control systems used in the oil and gas sector, the water industry, bulk solids handling and rotating equipment since leaving school. He is a Chartered Control and Instrument Engineer and a member of the Institute of Measurement and Control, the Institution of Engineering and Technology and a Freeman of the Worshipful Company of Scientific Instrument Makers. His PhD topic was the design of a control system for the mitigation of vibration on variable speed screw compressor packages. He currently sits on the council within the Institute of Measurement and Control as Honorary Secretary and is also vice-chair of its Digital Transformation Special Interest Group.
R.Z. Wang, Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Title: Heat Pump and its Role on Carbon Neutral Target
The world is facing carbon neutral in the middle of this century, carbon neutral does not mean zero carbon emission, it means carbon emission could be absorbed by carbon sink. It is clear that the world will be more powered by renewable energy (50% or more in 2050), electrification would be affordable and accessible and could be extended its applications.
Fossil fuel should be treated for less CO2 emission by increasing energy conversion efficiency, and wide uses of heat recovery devices to use low grade heat both from waste heat or solar heat or even from the ambient becomes vital. Heating and cooling are the most demanded energy for end users, such as buildings, industries and also transportations, heat pump is truly the most effective equipment for decarbonization.
This report will present:
- Heat pumps based on electric vapor compression systems: air source heat pump water heater, air source heat pump heating and cooling for residential and commercial buildings, other various low grade heat source heat pump (such as ground source, water source and etc..), waste heat recovery heat pump for industry heating;
- Heat pump based on thermal driven systems: LiBr-water and water-ammonia absorption heat pumps for efficient waste heat recovery for industry application, and solar cooling;
- Chemical heat pumps based on thermal energy for heating, cooling, thermal energy upgrading, and thermal storage;
- Next generation heat pumps for air conditioning with coupled sensible and latent thermal load handling, its doubled efficiency for heating and cooling could be applied in residential/commercial/transportation heating and cooling;
- Air source heat pump or waste heat recovery heat pump for steam generation, which may bring a new feasible way to use electrified heat pump to replace small to medium scale fossil fuel based or electric heated boilers.
Heating/cooling decarbonization is a major challenge for China to meet its 2060 carbon neutral commitment, heat pump represents a promising solution for heat/cold supply in various building and industry applications.
Our results reveal that the decarbonization potential from heat pump in a carbon neutral China future could reach around 1400Mton and 600Mton for residential and industrial heating respectively, which add to 20% current carbon emission in China.
It is also shown that achieving such deep decarbonization of heat pump requires ad-hoc interventions that balance technology advancement, techno economics, policy incentive, and integrated short-term and long-term decision making. This research has shown that heat pump could play a key role in carbon neutral target.
About the author
WANG Ruzhu (R. Z. Wang), born in Dec.1964, graduated from Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) in 1984, 1987 and 1990 for his bachelor, master and PhD degrees. He was promoted as associate professor in 1992, full professor in 1994 at SJTU.
He has written 10 Books and about 600 co-authored international journal papers and more than 100 patents, his ISI h index is 72. He is a leading scientist in heat pumps, CCHPs, solar heating and cooling, and green building energy systems. He has won Chinese National Research Awards in 2010 and 2014 respectively.
Prof. Wang received the J & E Hall International Gold Medal from the Institute of Refrigeration (UK) in 2013, Asia Refrigeration Academic Award in 2017, the Nukiyama Memorial Award from the Japanese Society of Heat Transfer in 2018, the IIR-Gustav Lorentzen Medal from the International Institute of Refrigeration in 2019. He was honored to be the Clarivate Highly Cited Researcher in 2017 and 2018 respectively.
He had been appointed as the director of Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics of SJTU since 1993. Currently he is also the Director- Engineering Research Center of Solar Energy, MOE China, Vice dean of SJTU Energy Institute. His research group has awarded as Excellent Innovative Team of Energy Research from MOST China in 2014 and NSFC in 2015.
Prof. Wang is currently the Deputy editor-in-chief of Energy, Regional editor-International Journal of Refrigeration.